What is the fastest way to lose weight fast? Possibly weight loss surgery. What are the different types of weight loss surgeries? Is weight loss surgery the best option for you? Read on to find out.
Excess weight and obesity are a worldwide problem. According to a report called” The State of Obesity: Better Policies for a Healthier America 2018”, in the United States, the country’s obesity rate has closed in on 40% after managing to stay below 35% between 2005–2012. The information was published on the American Medical Association’s website. Across the pond in the UK, a 2014 statistical analysis called the Global Burden of Disease (published in ‘Lancet’ medical magazine) found the UK to have the 3rd highest obesity rates in all of Western Europe. 67% of males and 57% of females in the UK were found to be overweight in the study.
With advancements in medical technology, and social and societal norms to keep, many people are opting to go under the scalpel and visit a doctor for fast weight loss surgeries. For people suffering from acute obesity, fast weight loss surgery can sometimes be a necessity. However, things like loose skin can be a major con in the aftermath of such a surgery. That is why every individual has a different weight loss journey than another.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
The most common kind of weight loss surgery is called Bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery came into the forefront first in the 1960s when doctors noticed significant fast weight loss in patients that had a part of their stomach removed, as part of treatment for stomach ulcers. The most common types of bariatric surgeries are:
1. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: In this type of gastric bypass surgery, the doctor places a small pouch at the top of the stomach. This pouch is aimed to be the primary food receiver in your stomach. This greatly reduces the amount of food you can eat. Your stomach still continues to produce its digestive enzymes however but because your food now skips routing through a portion of your small intestine, fewer nutrients and calories can be absorbed into your body.
Pros of Gastric Bypass Surgery
· Fastest results, with as much as 50% weight loss recorded in the first 6 months to a year
· Fast weight loss induces fast recovery from other health issues like blood pressure, sleep apnea and diabetes
Cons of Gastric Bypass Surgery
· Reducing the body’s absorption capabilities can sometimes lead to malnutrition if enough calories are not consumed
· Major surgery with risk of blood clots, infections, and even gallstones
2. Laparoscopic (adjustable gastric) banding surgery: In the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding medical weight loss surgery, an inflatable balloon with a band is fixed to the upper portion of the stomach. This small pouch is placed under the skin of the abdomen. Similar to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, adjustable gastric banding weight loss surgery limits the amount of food, your stomach can hold. But, this type of surgery doesn’t reduce the absorption capability of calories and nutrients within your body.
Pros of Gastric Banding Surgery
· Not a permanent weight loss surgery. You can choose to have the band removed with a relatively simple procedure later
· Gives you flexibility to tighten or loosen the band based on your requirements
· Less risky weight loss surgery and faster recovery times
Cons of Gastric Banding Surgery
· Fast weight loss is not guaranteed as gastric band surgery takes more time for weight loss
· The medical band used in the weight loss surgery may slip or break causing complications
3. Sleeve gastrectomy surgery: Sleeve gastrectomy is a kind of weight loss surgery where a portion of the stomach is physically separated and removed from the body. The rest of the stomach is conformed to a tubular structure. The aim of this procedure is to provide a smaller stomach that can hold less food, but also produce less of hormones like ghrelin, that is responsible for appetite generation in your body. Sleeve gastrectomy, however does not have any effect on the absorption of calories and nutrients in your body.
Pros of Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery
· Sleeve gastrectomy surgery might be type of weight loss surgery to go for, for patients who run a high risk of complications or are extremely obese and cannot go for gastric bypass in the first go
· No foreign device is left inside your body to further reduce complications and chances of infections
· Fast weight loss, ie. can lead to 30–50% weight loss in the first 6 months to a year
· Sleeve gastrectomy surgery can be followed up with gastric bypass surgery at a later date
Cons of Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery
· Irreversible surgery as part of the stomach is complete removed
· Staples are usually used to seal the part that is cut. Staples are vulnerable to leaks and complications if not done right
4. Duodenal switch (with biliopancreatic diversion) surgery: Duodenal switch weight loss surgery involves removing a part of the stomach just like sleeve gastrectomy. Only duodenum, a part of the small intestine and the valve that releases food is left behind. The doctor attaches the remaining part to the duodenum and this is the ‘duodenal switch’. The doctor also creates a biliopancreatic diversion that allows bile and pancreatic digestive juices to flow into the separated and reattached portion. This kind of weight loss surgery reduces the stomach capacity as well as the absorption capacity of nutrients in your body.
Pros of Duodenal Switch (with biliopancreatic diversion) Surgery
· Most effective fast weight loss surgery for people suffering from diabetes
· Patients can experience 60–70% of excess weight loss after surgery
Cons of Duodenal Switch (with biliopancreatic diversion) Surgery
· Complicated medical procedure that has its own risks attached
· More recovery time required
· Can be troublesome digesting food and absorbing calories after undergoing the weight loss surgery
5. Vagal Blocking (vBloc) Medical Procedures: Vagal Blocking or VBLOC is a kind of medical procedure for controlling obesity. Vagal Blocking uses an implanted electronic device that sends periodic electrical impulses to the ‘vagus nerve’ which runs from the brain to the stomach. These signals instruct the brain to identify the stomach as ‘full’. The vBloc device is typically placed under a patient’s rib cage and can be operated by a remote adjustable outside the body.
Pros of Vagal Blocking (vBloc) Medical Procedures
· Least invasive medical procedure for fast weight loss
· The fast weight loss procedure takes only around half an hour in outpatient and requires only general anesthesia
Cons of Vagal Blocking (vBloc) Medical Procedures
· Electrical device implanted runs on a battery. When completely drained, a medical professional has to reprogram it
· Can cause infections around device implant after surgery
· Side effects of defective or out of juice device include nausea and vomiting, heartburn, swallowing issues, and chest pain
As with most medical procedures, fast weight loss surgeries have their own set of risks attached to them. Depending on your medical condition, body type and mental needs you can choose to go for either of these medical weight loss procedures.
To quantify your specific needs, you should always visit a certified medical professional for guidance on which type of fast weight loss surgery is best suited for you and talk with your relatives and close ones before making a decision.